CBD short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant, and is a close cousin to marijuana according to the US National Library of Medicine. It’s a naturally occurring, non-psychoactive substance that’s used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and calm.
What the heck is CBD and why are so many people interested in it?
CBD is short for cannabidiol and is one of the 100+ naturally occurring chemical compounds produced heavily in the Hemp plant, a natural close cousin to the cannabis plant.
Out of these chemical compounds known as cannabinoids, the two most active and well-known are CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). The human body, and many animals too have thousands of endocannabinoid-receptors that are designed specifically for cannabinoid absorption.
…it’s as though CBD is a gift from Mother Nature to humans and animals.
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
Hemp and cannabis are from the same genus of the plant Cannabis Sativa, but with one major difference:
Hemp plants by definition contain no more than 0.3% of the famously psychoactive cannabinoid THC; in comparison, cannabis typically contains 5% to 25% THC. Basically hemp cannot get you high. Hemp plants grow tall and quickly and hemp is one of the strongest natural fibers in the world.
Hemp plants are grown agriculturally outdoors and produce high levels of CBD, whereas cannabis plants are often grown horticulturally with a focus on higher levels of THC.
How does one get CBD out of the Hemp plant?
The entire process starts with finding a rich CBD plant source to extract from. This is why all Goodiez Naturals products are made from sustainably grown hemp from the United States. All of Goodiez’ increasingly popular CBD products including full-spectrum oils, are derived from hemp, grown at an industrial scale, to exacting specifications that ensure its legality and maximize its potential healing properties and cannabinoid profile.
Hydrocarbon Extraction – A popular extraction method used to strip the CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes from the Hemp plant material. The process involves the use of hydrocarbons such as propane or butane as the solvent to extract the concentrated oils. The CBD extract is then “purged” free of hydrocarbons and refined further to create the Hemp-based products we love. Hydrocarbon extraction is a clean and safe extraction method common in the production of popular ingredients like vanilla extract and essential oils.
CO2 Extraction – As the success of CBD across the world has allowed producers to improve and reinvest in their extraction methods and technology, the CO2 extraction method has become the most advanced and advised way of completing the process. It is also the most expensive method but many argue that the potent, safe, and hydrocarbon-free extraction method is worth the investment.
Oil Extraction – The oldest and most ‘natural’ cannabinoid extraction method. Many CBD lovers attest to it being the best. It is the safest method, doesn’t cost a lot, and it’s simple to do. The process begins with the raw plant materials being decarboxylated (heated) to the desired temperature for a specific amount of time, activating its potency. Olive oil and the Hemp material are combined and heated again. This is when the cannabinoids are extracted and bind to the fatty molecules of the oil.
Distillation – A crude plant oil is first created by forcing pressurized grain alcohol (Ethanol) through the dried and ground Hemp material. The alcohol is then thoroughly evaporated from the material, captured and filtered for reuse. Next, the crude oil is gently heated under a vacuum to separate CBD and other cannabinoids and terpenes from less desirable plant compounds such as fats, waxes, and pigments. The oil begins to evaporate and rise where it is collected in a condenser and you are left with the highly-concentrated, and highly-filtered CBD oil.
What are Terpenes and how are they connected to CBD?
Terpenes (terpenoids) are the chemical compounds responsible for the aroma and flavor of all plants. They serve an essential purpose: terpenes may attract pollinators or even repel predators that may consume the plant.
It is a combination of terpenes that give many CBD oils their unique smell and taste.
Hemp plants used to make CBD include a variety of terpenes. Some of the common terpenes found in cannabis include Limonene (a citrus aroma & flavor), Pinene (smells and tastes like pine), Linalool (common in lavender & many flora species), and Myrcene (also found in thyme & lemongrass).
In CBD products these terpenes interact synergistically with the cannabinoids to enhance and achieve a particularly desired experience. Some call this the “entourage effect”, and it’s the reason terpenes have become such a significant piece of the hemp & cannabis puzzle.
What are the different types of CBD Oil products?
Full-Spectrum CBD – This method is best for preserving as much of the naturally occurring beneficial elements as possible. These elements include CBD and other cannabinoids, vitamins, beta carotene, minerals, essential fats, and proteins. Full-spectrum CBD oil products also preserve the natural hemp terpenes, which is why you may notice an earthy/sweet smell and flavor and may legally contain trace amounts (<0.3%) of THC.
Wide-Spectrum CBD – Also referred to as Broad-Spectrum CBD, it is similar to Full-Spectrum CBD in that it is designed to preserve as many essential elements, but with one major difference. There is zero trace of the psychoactive cannabinoid THC in Wide-Spectrum CBD oils and products. These products are a great option for those concerned with potentially failing a drug screening or for pets.
CBD Isolate – Isolate is a type of CBD concentrate that provides the compound at its most pure. It comes in the form of a fine white powder containing 99+ percent CBD. CBD Isolate is preferred by manufacturers and consumers who are focused on purity and the isolation of the molecule. During the CBD isolate extraction process everything contained in the plant matter is removed, including any traces of other cannabinoids, terpenes, waxes, oils, and chlorophyll.