What the heck is CBD and why are so many people interested in it?
CBD is short for cannabidiol and is one of the 100+ naturally occurring chemical compounds produced heavily in the hemp plant.
Out of these chemical compounds known as cannabinoids, the two most active and well-known are CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). The human body, and many animals too have thousands of endocannabinoid-receptors that are designed specifically for cannabinoid absorption.
…it’s as though CBD is a gift from Mother Nature to humans and animals.
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
Hemp and cannabis are from the same genus of the plant Cannabis Sativa, but with one major difference:
Hemp plants by definition contain no more than 0.3% of the famously psychoactive cannabinoid THC; in comparison, cannabis typically contains 5% to 25% THC. Basically hemp cannot get you high. Hemp plants grow tall and quickly and hemp is one of the strongest natural fibers in the world.
Hemp plants are grown agriculturally outdoors and produce high levels of CBD, whereas cannabis plants are often grown horticulturally with a focus on higher levels of THC.
Hemp vs Cannabis
• Low THC levels <0.3%
• Grows up to 4m tall
• Gown in many countries
• 120 day grow cycle
• Body & pet care
• High THC levels 5-35%
• Grows up to 2m tall
• Illegal in many countries
• 90 day grow cycle
• Medical & Recreational
How does one get CBD out of the Hemp plant?
The entire process starts with finding a rich CBD plant source to extract from. This is why all Goodiez Naturals products are made from sustainably grown hemp from the United States. All of Goodiez’ increasingly popular CBD products including full-spectrum oils, are derived from hemp, grown at an industrial scale, to exacting specifications that ensure its legality and maximize its potential healing properties and cannabinoid profile.
Hydrocarbon Extraction – A popular extraction method used to strip the CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes from the Hemp plant material. The process involves the use of hydrocarbons such as propane or butane as the solvent to extract the concentrated oils. The CBD extract is then “purged” free of hydrocarbons and refined further to create the Hemp-based products we love. Hydrocarbon extraction is a clean and safe extraction method common in the production of popular ingredients like vanilla extract and essential oils.
CO2 Extraction – As the success of CBD across the world has allowed producers to improve and reinvest in their extraction methods and technology, the CO2 extraction method has become the most advanced and advised way of completing the process. It is also the most expensive method but many argue that the potent, safe, and hydrocarbon-free extraction method is worth the investment.
Oil Extraction – The oldest and most ‘natural’ cannabinoid extraction method. Many CBD lovers attest to it being the best. It is the safest method, doesn’t cost a lot, and it’s simple to do. The process begins with the raw plant materials being decarboxylated (heated) to the desired temperature for a specific amount of time, activating its potency. Olive oil and the Hemp material are combined and heated again. This is when the cannabinoids are extracted and bind to the fatty molecules of the oil.
Distillation – A crude plant oil is first created by forcing pressurized grain alcohol (Ethanol) through the dried and ground Hemp material. The alcohol is then thoroughly evaporated from the material, captured and filtered for reuse. Next, the crude oil is gently heated under a vacuum to separate CBD and other cannabinoids and terpenes from less desirable plant compounds such as fats, waxes, and pigments. The oil begins to evaporate and rise where it is collected in a condenser and you are left with the highly-concentrated, and highly-filtered CBD oil.
The Distillation Process
What are Terpenes and how are they connected to CBD?
Terpenes (terpenoids) are the chemical compounds responsible for the aroma and flavor of all plants. They serve an essential purpose: terpenes may attract pollinators or even repel predators that may consume the plant.
It is a combination of terpenes that give many CBD oils their unique smell and taste.
Hemp plants used to make CBD include a variety of terpenes. Some of the common terpenes found in hemp include Limonene (a citrus aroma & flavor), Pinene (smells and tastes like pine), Linalool (common in lavender & many flora species), and Myrcene (also found in thyme & lemongrass).
In CBD products these terpenes interact synergistically with the cannabinoids to enhance and achieve a particularly desired experience. Some call this the “entourage effect”, and it’s the reason terpenes have become such a significant piece of the hemp puzzle.
Let’s take a look at another cool cannabinoid!
Cannabigerol, or CBG, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid typically most abundant in low-THC and high-CBD cannabis strains, including hemp. Like THC, CBG reacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain. CBG, however, acts as a buffer to the psychoactivity of THC by working to alleviate the paranoia sometimes caused by higher levels of THC.
CBG works to fight inflammation, pain, nausea and works to slow the proliferation of cancer cells. Research has shown it also significantly reduces intraocular eye pressure caused by glaucoma. Strains high in CBG will be beneficial treating conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and cancer.